Department of Applied Physics and Materials Science - Applied Physics

Applied Physics Seminar

Monday July 28, 2014 2:00 PM

Directions for miniaturized rare-earth-ion quantum hardware

Speaker: John Bartholomew, Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, Laser Physics Centre, Australian National University
Location: Steele 125

In the past decade, research into the solid-state rare-earth-ion system has compiled a growing resume of critical components for quantum technology. Achievements in this period include an efficient quantum memory for light1, a non-classical light source2, two-qubit gate demonstrations3, and hour-long quantum state storage4. However, for rare-earth-ion quantum technology to markedly outperform any classical equivalent, a miniaturized and integrable architecture must be achieved.

In this talk, I will present progress on two important aspects that will advance the goal of integrated rare-earth-ion quantum hardware. In doing so, I will also introduce the main research directions of Dr Matt Sellars' group at ANU.

One of the aims of our group is to integrate complex photonic circuitry with rare-earth-ion quantum devices on a single crystal 'chip' 5. Waveguide-based architectures are an appealing approach for achieving this goal. To assess the feasibility of waveguide devices for quantum applications requires a detailed knowledge of the ion's spectroscopic properties at the crystal surface and in highly strained regions near interfaces. Such regions of a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 sample were probed using micron resolution spectroscopic techniques. I will present the results of these experiments and the implications for designing and fabricating waveguides for rare-earth quantum technology.

An alternate route toward miniaturization is to realize devices at the single ion level. However, the extremely low fluorescence rates of rare-earth ions in solid-state hosts (10 – 1000 s -1) makes single ion optical detection a formidable challenge6. I will present techniques that should allow optical readout of the nuclear spin of a single rare-earth ion, and experimental progress towards this aim. These techniques allow the narrow homogeneous linewidths of bulk crystal ensembles to be maintained at the single ion level. This opens a new regime for quantum applications in these materials.

[1]        Hedges et al., `Efficient Quantum Memory for Light', Nature 465, 2010.

[2]        Ledingham et al., `Experimental Realization of Light with Time-Separated Correlations by Rephasing       Amplified Spontaneous Emission', Physical Review Letters 109, 093602, 2012.

[3]        Longdell et al., `Demonstration of Conditional Quantum Phase Shift Between Ions in a Solid', Physical   Review Letters 93, 130503, 2004.

[4]        Zhong et al., `Hyperfine decoherence study of Europium-doped Yttrium Orthosilicate in High Magnetic     Fields', Presentation at DPC, 2013

[5]        Marzban et al., `Progress towards the development of rare-earth doped waveguides for quantum     communications applications', Presentation at CLEO, 2014

[6]        Utikal et al., `Spectroscopic detection and state preparation of a single praseodymium ion in a crystal', Nature        Communications 5, 2014.

Series Applied Physics Seminar Series

Contact: Michelle Aldecua at 3982 maldecua@caltech.edu